Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are the number one cause of death and disability in the world. They are not passed from person to person and are usually of long duration and generally slow progression. The 4 main types of NCDs are cardiovascular diseases (like heart attacks and stroke), cancers, chronic respiratory diseases (such as chronic obstructed pulmonary disease and asthma) and diabetes.
A broad range of factors can influence a person’s NCD risk, including age, gender, genetics, exposure to air pollution, and behaviors such as smoking, unhealthy diet and physical inactivity which can lead to hypertension and obesity, in turn leading to increased risk of many NCDs.
NCDs are considered preventable because they are caused by modifiable risk factors.